The Vijaya Dashami, or the day of Tika is the tenth, and the most important day of the Dashain festival. This is the day when the Goddess Durga won over the demon Mahisasur, and Lord Ram over demon Ravan, according to the scriptures. In this day, all the Nepalese Hindu people all around the world receive ‘Tika’ and ‘Jamara (the yellow grown plants which are planted in the )’, along with the blessings from their elder ones.
The Tika is actually the mixture of the rice seeds, youghurt and the vermillion, and is red in colour. The red colour of the tika symbolizes the unity of the family with their blood relationship, as only the family members and close relatives receive tika from their elder ones. Along with the blessings, Jamara and Tika, people usually give a small amount of sum or other physical items as gifts, which is normally called as ‘Dakshina’.
The President of the country applies Tika to the public, which was done by the King in the past (when the monarchy was present). Though this is the most important day for the Tika of Dashain, the process is continued for five days starting this day, and upto the Purnima.
The hymns in Sanskrit which is used as blessings in the process of Tika during Vijaya Dashami are:
आयुर द्रोण सुते श्रेयम दशरथे , सत्रुक क्षेयम रघवे,
ऐश्र्वर्यम नहुशे , गतिस्च पवने, मानन्च दुर्योधने,
सौर्यम शान्त नवे, बलम हलधरे , सत्यस्च कुन्तीसुते
बिज्ञ।न बिदुरे, भवन्तु भबताम, किर्तिस्च नारायणे!
ॐ जयन्ती मङ्गला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी ।
दुर्गा क्ष्यमा शिवा धात्री स्वहा स्वधा नमोस्तु ते ।।