On the occasion of the Nepalese New Year 2070 BS, I would like to extend my best wishes to all my family, friends and readers. Hope this year will bring the best in you, hope you will find the strength to succeed in whatever you are doing and hope you will work hard to build a pathway for a better future for everyone. Live everyday like it’s your last.
Having said that, here is a brief history of how the Nepalese Year or Bikram Era started:
Bikram Samvat or Era (विक्रम सम्वत्) is the calendar established by the first LIchhavi King Vikramaditya marking the sovereign history of Nepal dating back to 2070 years ago from today. The Bikram Samvat or BS calendar is well ahead of the western or Christian calendar by over 56 years. The Bikram Samvat is supposed to commemorate the victory of king Vikramaditya over the Sakas who had invaded Ujjain.
Like the Bikram Sambat Nepal Sambat is another indigenous era established in 936 BS. The Newar community celebrates both Nepal Sambat and Mahapuja together on the same day. The Nepal Sambat on the other hand was established duering the malla period and in use during the reign of Prithvi Narayan Shah and Rana regime. However, there was only 354 days in Nepal Sambat in contrast to 365 days in the Bikram Sambat Calendar. Therefore, Chandra Shamser deiced to use Bikram Sambat as Nepalese official calendar to resolve the issues of changes in tithi (date).
The Nepalese year begins in Baisakh which falls in 14th of April and ends in the twelfth month of Chaitra. Baisakh can be linked to New Year in several parts of India and other countries of Asia. Buddhists celebrate the month of Baisakh as Buddha Purnima in Nepal, Bangladesh and India. Buddha purnima commemorates the birth and passing of Gautam Buddha. The same festival is called Visaka Puja in Thailand, Waisak in Indonesia and Wesak in Sri Lanka. Read more…